The key problem for mobile operators in Montenegro is represented by different regulations and procedures for the use of state or municipal land, so that new electronic communication (EC) infrastructures for the implementation of the fifth generation (5G) mobile network can be built on them as soon as possible. This is shown by the Draft Strategy for the Development of 5G Mobile Communication Networks in Montenegro 2023-2027.
The Implementation of 5G mobile networks implies the construction of a new electronic communication infrastructure and the installation of network equipment on a much larger scale than was the case during the implementation of 4G networks.
– This includes not only existing locations, but also a large number of new ones – it is stated in the government document.
All municipalities have defined procedures for issuing approvals and using facilities.
– These procedures can be applied to areas where there is no planning document, as well as where there is a planning document, but it was not provided for, ie. The planned construction of an object of general local interest – the document explains.
However, the biggest challenge for mobile operators is the implementation of construction approval procedures, which last over half a year, and often longer than a year.
– And that in the best case, if the previously resolved property-legal relations and if the object is recognized in the appropriate spatial plan – the Draft shows.
The key problem, as stated In the 5G Study, according to the mobile operators, is the uneven application and efficiency in the implementation of regulations by the administration at the local level.
– The regulations differ drastically from municipality to municipality, which further conditions the need for an urgent uniform application of them – they warn in the document.
The entire procedure for securing the use of land in state or municipal ownership, on which the infrastructure should be built, is even more complicated and time-consuming.
– This represents another obstacle that greatly slows down the further development of the aforementioned infrastructure, because the property-legal relations for the lease/use of land or buildings are a prerequisite for the construction of infrastructure and installation of equipment – the document concludes.